How To Set Up a Home or Small Business Network

What Is a Synology NAS?

How to set up a home file server using FreeNAS
Once the initial setup is complete, you can manage the configuration using the web interface. You can also skip this step and pick them one by one later, but given the utility of the core packages, we suggest installing them all they take up a trivial amount of space when installed. Note the tabs at the top of each drive bay. Now you can enjoy your FreeNAS storage. Ask Ubuntu works best with JavaScript enabled. You would use these options if you wished to host your ZFS Log data or cache on a separate drive, like an SSD, to increase performance.

What you need to get up and running with FreeNAS

How-To: Set up a home file server using FreeNAS

Join , subscribers and get a daily digest of news, geek trivia, and our feature articles. A NAS, simply put, is a computer optimized for data storage, often with additional functionality layered on top. Synology has two primary product lines, DiskStation and RackStation, with the former intended for home users and small offices and the latter intended for larger commercial environments. DiskStation models come with a propriety Linux-derived operating system, known as DiskStation Manager.

Even the beefiest DiskStation models consume less than half what a desktop computer or full size home server would. Your Synology NAS comes with a power cable, an Ethernet cable, drive mounting screws, and, if you have a higher end model, it may also come with hot-swap drive bay trays, and a second Ethernet cable the high end DiskStations support dual network cards for increased network throughput.

For an optimum NAS experience, we recommend starting with new drives, in the largest size your budget will allow. How to Use Multiple Disks Intelligently: It is a superior option for almost every consumer scenario, hands down. To remove the face plate, simply wiggle it away from the chassis of the NAS. The plate is held in place by thick rubber fingers designed to help silence vibration and should come off easily with a first touch.

Note the tabs at the top of each drive bay. Simply push the tab gentle upwards and slide the tray out. The only exception for the use of screws on the hot-swap trays is with the use of 2. The hard drives are held very firmly in place thanks to rubber grommets in the side of the trays, and the lack of hard contact between the drive and the tray thanks to the rubber buffer does an amazing job minimizing vibration.

Why two LAN ports on the larger premium models? Wherever you place the NAS it should be, ideally, a cooler area of your home ground floor and basements are great, stuffy attic guestrooms are not with hardline access to your router or network switch. You've got to protect your data, whether it's your precious personal pictures and home videos or critical business data.

Schedule regular backups of your data. Also, periodically test your backup system's restore capabilities to ensure that the backups are valid and free from any data corruption.

There are of course, several ways to back up your network's data. Most NAS devices have robust backup capabilities which are relatively easy for anyone to setup. Windows servers also have a built-in back-up feature, and Mac, of course, offers Time Machine[link to time machine review]. You can set up your own local backup system given enough external storage space. The best software for this, hands down, is ShadowProtect Desktop 4. Online backups have the further advantage that, since they're not local, your data is safe even if a local disaster like a flood or fire completely destroys all your on-site storage.

Check out our feature on Easy Online Backup to get started. These are the key ingredients for establishing a small home or business network. In fact, they're the basic building blocks for a network of any size: You can add complexity and size to a network, but once you've got your home or small-business network set up, you've mastered the basics of setting up any size network.

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